OAKLAND, CA.- Bring on the dancing skeletons and sugar skulls—Días de los Muertos returns to the Oakland Museum of California for its 15th annual celebration of the dead. The exhibition opens Wednesday, Oct 8 (through Dec 7, 2008). The Community Celebration is Saturday, Oct 25.
Guest curator Fernando Hernández titled the exhibition Evolution of a Sacred Space: Días de los Muertos 2008 to convey how the spiritual tradition has changed since its pre-Columbian roots. A living tradition, Days of the Dead is recognized as a cultural holiday throughout California.
The popular Días de los Muertos Community Celebration, Saturday, Oct 25, offers craft activities, food, costumed performers, a market (mercado), and ceremonial procession into the museum gardens. Performers include Danza Xitllali, Squeezebox Sabroso, Beshbeni, Ballet Folklorico Mexicano, and Yolanda Aranda Coria (partial list). Hours are 12–5 p.m. and admission is free.
Hernández, a sculptor and arts educator, explores the evolution of Days of the Dead rituals and elements used for centuries to create a sacred space to honor the dead. Altars (ofrendas) depict pre-Columbian, colonial, and contemporary offerings for deceased loved ones. Community groups, artists, and school children have captured the spirit of the modern holiday with sound, multimedia pieces, and art.
Central to Evolution of a Sacred Space is the Columbarium, designed and coordinated by Hernández with the East Bay Art Collective (EBAC). Each EBAC participant created an altar in an 11 x 17-inch box. When backlit the boxes glow like stained glass. A columbarium is a wall of niches at a cemetery where funerary urns are kept behind glass windows.
“I aimed for the full spectrum of the Bay Area population,” Hernández said. “I want the participants to bring their personal history to the project. If they are Irish, I encouraged them to use Irish imagery to honor their ancestors, rather than adopt someone else’s culture.”
“Yolanda Garfias Woo’s installation mingles her Mexican-American heritage and shared Chinese culture to honor her husband of 50 years, artist Gary Jin Hawn Woo. “My ofrenda combines two people, two souls, two cultures, and two different celebrations of life,” she said. “I hope people will see similarities between the cultures—flowers, food, candles, cut paper, incense.”
Hernández dedicated part of Evolution of a Sacred Place to the work of San Jose photographer and journalist Mary J. Andrade. “Mary’s photographs give a sense of what you would actually see on Días de los Muertos in different regions of Mexico,” he said.
Other participating artists include Daniel Camacho, Sal García, Guillermo Galindo, Bea Carrillo Hocker, Peter and Maureen Langenbach, Las Tres Flores, Phil Long, Miriam Martínez, Valeria Ponte, Nora Riggio, Salvador Sánchez, Diane Shepp, Sinh, Gustavo Vazquez, and Victor Mario Zaballa.