LONDON.- The drawings and cartoons of Sir Osbert Lancaster (1908-86), architectural satirist, illustrator, theatre designer and pioneer of the daily newspaper pocket cartoon, who popularised British architecture and coined the term Stockbrokers Tudor, will go on display for the first time in an exhibition marking the centenary of his birth.
The exhibition Cartoons and Coronets: The Genius of Osbert Lancaster is at The Wallace Collection from 2 October 2008 and coincides with the publication of a major book on his life and work.
One of the most famous artistic personalities of his day, a society dandy photographed by Cecil Beaton and Lee Miller, and one of the only cartoonists ever to be knighted, the exhibition and book celebrate the astonishing range of Osberts work as an artist and as a chronicler of style and fashion, drawing on an unparalleled archive of original designs, illustrations, works on paper, sketchbooks, theatre set designs from Covent Garden and Glyndebourne and photographs, none of which have ever been previously exhibited.
Osbert became a household name thanks to his pocket cartoon in the Daily Express and was the precursor and peer of the greatest post-war cartoonists from Marc and Michael Heath to Matt and Matt. For over forty years, he entertained the nation with his daily dash of wit, conveyed through a cast of characters, headed by Maudie Littlehampton.
Despite fame during his lifetime, within ten years of Osberts death his widow lamented Osberts work is forgotten now. His brilliance as a pocket cartoonist contributed to the speed of his eclipse, as he himself had predicted: nothing, he wrote, dates so quickly as the apt comment.. In contradiction to this statement, Matt Pritchett, award winning Daily Telegraph cartoonist said:
We can admire Osberts draughtsmanship, social commentary and attention to detail, but what is most impressive is his marvellous wit and how sharp and relevant Osberts work is today.
Osberts fascination with the Littlehamptons inspired the Littlehampton Bequest, an exhibition staged by Sir Roy Strong at the National Portrait Gallery. The collection of ancestral portraits in the manner of famous painters from Hilliard and Gainsborough to Hockney and Bratby, reveals Osberts skill as a parodist.
Osbert first came to prominence in the 1930s with his witty illustrations of architectural styles published in two books, Pillar to Post and Homes Sweet Homes. Many of his definitions such as Stockbrokers Tudor, Pont Street Dutch and Vogue Regency have passed into the critical canon.
For the first time, a group of Osberts original illustrations will be displayed. His brilliant drawings from a related volume Drayneflete Revisited, which traces the impact of changing architectural fashions on a typical market town from the Restoration to post-war planning, will also reveal Osberts genius as an architectural satirist.
The war years saw the start of Osberts career as a cartoonist. It led Anthony Powell to describe him as one of Britains great war artists due to his ability to cheer up the nation in her darkest days. One of the revelations of this exhibition will be his powerful anti-Nazi drawings, which he executed for the Sunday Express.
In 1944 he was posted to Athens, where he played a key role as a propagandist against the communist insurgency. Osbert developed a great love of Greece and two travel books were the result, Classical Landscape with Figures and Sailing to Byzantium. Original drawings from both will be displayed. There will also be illustrated manuscript diaries of other journeys in Greece, Egypt and France.
After the war Osbert became one of the leading designers for Covent Garden and Glyndebourne, building on his training at the Slade. His acclaimed designs for La Fille Mal Garde for Frederick Ashton are still staged. Original scene and costume designs will be on view as well as unpublished photographs of Osbert working with some of the greatest operatic stars and examples of his murals including those for the Crown Hotel in Blandford Forum in the Regency Revival style, (rediscovered as a result of the exhibition) and the Zuleika murals for the Randolph Hotel in Oxford.
He was much in demand as an illustrator working with friends and contemporaries. He designed book jackets for Anthony Powells Dance to the Music of Time, and illustrated classic works by Nancy Mitford, P.G. Wodehouse, Simon Raven and many others.
Osberts close circle of friends will be commemorated with a series of portraits by Osbert of John and Penelope Betjeman, John Piper, Freya Stark, Benjamin Britten, Evelyn Waugh and Max Beerbohm. Osbert also loved recording his own persona as the dandy aesthete.
Born in 1908 into a prosperous family, Osbert was educated at Charterhouse and Oxford where he made lifelong friends with the poet John Betjeman. His artistic training included studies at the Ruskin School of Art and the Slade, where he studied theatre design under Diaghilevs scene painter, Vladimir Polunin.