The Art Institute of Chicago
opens today Becoming Edvard Munch: Influence, Anxiety, and Myth, a remarkably comprehensive and contextual exploration of the Norwegian artist behind the iconic composition The Scream. On view February 14 through April 26, 2009, Becoming Edvard Munch, which will be presented solely at the Art Institute, will showcase extraordinary loans from Norway, private collections, and leading museums in America and abroad. It brings together approximately 150 rarely seen works, including 75 paintings and 75 works on paper by Munch and his contemporaries. By considering Munchs oeuvre in relation to his fellow artistsincluding James Ensor, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, Max Klinger, and Claude MonetBecoming Edvard Munch challenges the myth that Munch was an artist crippled by his own neuroses and instead presents him as a canny self-promoter, deeply aware of the artistic trends around him. Many of Munchs iconic works will be on display, including Anxiety, Kiss by the Window, and Ashes. Although the painting The Scream will not be on view, as the two versions do not leave Oslo, Norway, the Art Institutes own lithograph of The Scream will be featured in the exhibition. Becoming Edvard Munch is exclusive to the Art Institute and will not travel to another venue.
I am thrilled to have this opportunity to present a new view of Edvard Munch to museum visitors, said Jay Clarke, curator of the exhibition and associate curator in the Department of Prints and Drawings at the Art Institute. On my first research trip to Oslo, I went through hundreds of unpublished letters between Munch and his contemporaries. I kept waiting for the crazy Munch to reveal himself in all these private papers. But I never found him. Instead, the letters reveal a man very much in control of his career, even acting as his own dealer and organizing complex exhibitions and negotiations. Indeed, far from an independent, the artist was like a sponge, soaking up painting styles, motifs, and technical tricks from his contemporaries. Whereas most Munch exhibitions have tended to take Munch at face value, displaying works that reinforce the myth of his tortured persona, Becoming Edvard Munch will consider his rich and varied production within the context of his peers, those whose works Munch could have seen and been inspired by.
Through this provocative exhibition, a very different picture of Edvard Munch emerges. The artist has been defined by myths surrounding his mental instability and his distance from Norwegian and Scandinavian artistic influences. These myths have been perpetuated for decades by art historians, critics, the artist himself, and our own collective fascination with his representations of self-torment. However, Munchs largely unpublished letters and reviews by contemporary commentators reveal an artist intimately connected with the art of his time and cogently able to promote his own career. Seeing these works of art together for the first time in light of these documents helps us to understand Munchs life and art in relation to his peers in Scandinavia, France, Germany, and Belgium.
While there is no doubt that Munch was influenced by his childhood exposure to sickness, depression, and death, producing deeply subjective and introspective artwork throughout his life, this exhibition reveals that this influence is but one aspect of a deeply complex artistic personality. He pursued an education in Norway and Paris, where he experimented with the three dominant, yet significantly divergent, artistic styles of the day: Naturalism, Impressionism, and Symbolism. So while Munch did indeed create and rework many images that addressed the theme of melancholy, he did so drawing on a wide variety of visual sources, including the works of avantgarde French artists such as Paul Gauguin and Vincent van Gogh. Munch, like Gauguin, adopted biblical, historical, and mythic subject matter, reenergizing it for contemporary audiences.
Munch moved to Paris in 1889, and from then on constantly traveled between France, Germany, and Norway. Many of his works treating the subjects of anxiety and alienation, as presented in this exhibition, can be seen as reimaginations and transformations of the brightly colored daytime streets of Impressionism into a nightmare of staring faces, darkened avenues, and isolated Norwegian settingsanother instance in which Munch was actively responding to works by his peers rather than focusing solely on his own interior life. His years in Berlinfrom 1892 to 1895 were occupied by extensive, almost frenetic, exhibition activity that was fraught with both scandal and artistic ambition. Munchs letters during this period reveal that he was a savvy businessman, planning exhibitions with a careful eye to both his place in the market and his posthumous reputation.
The image of Munch presented in this exhibition thus challenges the popular view of him as an artist imprisoned by his sometimes turbulent emotional life. In fact, this display demonstrates that his iconic works, including The Scream and Anxiety, can equally be seen as the products of an artist very much in control of the personal image projected through his art. Indeed, Munch was well aware of and encouraged the notoriety created by such images.
Another point central to the exhibition is the role of Norwegian and Scandinavian influences in his work. The artist has been characterized as eschewing such regional expressions, but when viewed in the context of his Scandinavian contemporaries, his art reveals a decidedly Nordic sensibility. Munchs use of blue-violet tonalities and his frequent depictions of lone, contemplative figures were signature tropes in Modern Norwegian painting. His Kiss by the Window, which depicts a couple locked in a passionate embrace, is a case in point.
Organized around a number of themes that were central to Munchs workincluding melancholy, the street, love and sexuality, bathing, and death and dyingBecoming Edvard Munch offers a unique opportunity to re-examine this enigmatic artist, his near-mythic reputation, and the powerful, complex images he created.
Catalogue: Presenting this compelling, revisionist approach to Munch, the 232-page catalogue Becoming Edvard Munch features beautiful color reproductions of approximately 150 works, including 75 paintings and 75 works on paper by Munch and his peers. Becoming Edvard Munch is distributed by Yale University Press and will be available February 16, 2009, in the Museum Shop of the Art Institute. Tickets: Special dated tickets to Becoming Edvard Munch are required, and advance tickets are strongly recommended. Tickets went on sale to the public January 15, 2009call 312-930-4040 or purchase them at the museum. For online purchases, visit the Art Institutes Web site: www.artinstituteofchicago.org. Bank of America is the Exclusive Corporate Sponsor of Becoming Edvard Munch: Influence, Anxiety, and Myth. Major funding is generously provided by the Harris Family Foundation in memory of Bette and Neison Harris. This project was partially funded by a grant from the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, Bureau of Tourism. The project is also supported by an award from the National Endowment for the Arts, which believes a great nation deserves great art. An indemnity for the exhibition has been granted by the Federal Council on the Arts and the Humanities.