is the premiere East Coast venue for the first U.S. retrospective of work by noted postwar abstract painter Blinky Palermo (German, b. Leipzig, 1943; d. Maldives, 1977). Although the artists reputation is well established in Europe and he has influenced generations of American artists, his work has rarely been shown in North America. On view at the Hirshhorn Feb. 24May 15, Blinky Palermo: Retrospective 19641977 introduces viewers to the full range of the artists practice.
Like Yves Klein, Blinky Palermo received critical acclaim in Europe for his contribution to the development of 20th-century art, said Kerry Brougher, the Hirshhorns deputy director and chief curator. Yet despite the fact that Palermo lived in the United States for several years and engaged with the work of American abstract artists such as Brice Marden, Agnes Martin and Robert Ryman, he has not received due recognition here. The Hirshhorn is delighted to be a part of this national tour, which gives the American public a comprehensive picture of Palermos achievement.
Palermo investigated and challenged the fundamentals of painting throughout his brief yet prolific careerhe died suddenly at age 33questioning not only its conventional materials and traditional format and structure but its very definition. His practice is notable for his steadfast commitment to the medium during a period and in a context in which it was widely contested as a viable art form. He was known for engaging with the work of both European and American abstract painters as well as for his openness to the ideas and techniques of other artists, including his teacher, Joseph Beuys, fellow students Sigmar Polke and Gerhard Richter, diverse predecessors like Marcel Broodthaers, Daniel Buren, Kasimir Malevich and Barnett Newman, as well as American contemporaries Marden, Martin and Ryman. This exhibition presents approximately 70 works, predominantly on loan from private and public lenders in Germany, many of which have never before been on view in North America, that reveal his influences and the independent course he charted. The pieces are installed in roughly chronological order, providing an in-depth examination of the evolution of Palermos aesthetic, and include examples from all of his major series: Objects (196474), Stoffbilder [Cloth Pictures] (196672), documentation of site-specific wall drawings and paintings (196873) and examples of his late Metallbilder [Metal Pictures] (197476).
Shortly after joining Beuys class at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf in 1964, Palermo began making what he termed Objects: painted entities, often using found materials, that take on quasi-sculptural properties. In each of these works, the interaction between the piece and the space in which it is installed is integral to the viewers experience of it. Begun in mid-1966, the Stoffbilder constitute a second distinctive body of work. These disarmingly radical pieces, some monochromatic and others comprising multiple hues, are made from lengths of fabric purchased in department stores. They reveal him to be a gifted colorist and a singular successor to artists such as Henri Matisse and Mark Rothko. In his installation work, the artist engaged with specific sites making wall paintings and drawings that engaged the architectural context, animating its spaces. These concurrent modes more or less came to an end in 1973 when Palermo relocated to Manhattan, where he set up a studio that he would maintain for the remainder of his life. Here, he began to create multipartite painted compositions on aluminum panels that were anchored slightly off the wall to enhance the works vivid palette. Palermos signature series of acrylic paintings on metal culminated in his most monumental work, To the People of New York City (1976).