Italian Renaissance master Andrea Palladio (15081580) is considered one of the most influential architects of the last 500 years. From September 3 to December 31, Palladio and His Legacy: A Transatlantic Journey will be on view at the Heinz Architectural Center at Carnegie Museum of Art
, presenting 31 rare, original drawings from the outstanding collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects Trust, alongside models and equally rare books. The exhibition reveals how Palladios designs evolved from his study of antiquity, thus uniting classical Roman design elements with Renaissance advances in architecture.
The enduring contemporary style Palladio created spread throughout Italy and Great Britain in the 16th and 17th centuries, but it was the United States that most fully embraced his vision as a living tradition, from colonial times to the present. Thomas Jefferson called Palladios work the bible for architectural design, and Palladios influence is evident on some of the most iconic structures in America, from the U.S. Supreme Court to the Capitol building. Palladio and His Legacy provides an extraordinary opportunity for American audiences to experience, through Palladios own hand, the origins of an architectural style that is deeply connected to our nations history.
The Heinz Architectural Center is thrilled to present these exceptional objects and to have had the opportunity to collaborate with our gracious colleagues at the Royal Institute of British Architects Trust, said Tracy Myers, curator of architecture at the Heinz Architectural Center and organizer of the exhibition. Seldom do we get to stand in the nearly palpable presence of one of the Western worlds greatest designersto see him absorbing information and laboring over ideas and solving architectural problems through drawings. Palladios continuing relevanceeven when manifest in contemporary buildings of somewhat dubious qualitywill surely strike our visitors as remarkable.
The materials on display include original drawings, rare books, and contemporary models. The exhibition examines the development of Palladios design sensibility through early sketches that show unfinished and traced-over areas, as well as final presentation drawings. Bas-relief models created and loaned by prominent contemporary modelmaker Timothy Richards bring some of the drawings to three-dimensional life. This combination of drawings and models clearly demonstrates Palladios influence on early American domestic architecture and monumental buildings.
The architects renowned publication I Quattro Libri dellArchitettura (Four Books on Architecture), published in 1570, contains specific villa designs that, when compared to models of landmark colonial American mansions such as Drayton Hall and Mount Airy, illustrate the influence of Palladio and his English admirers on American taste. Together, the materials in the exhibition reveal his forward-thinking democratic design sensibility: Palladio believed that good architecture should improve peoples lives and solve problems, as well as add beautiful villas, churches, public buildings, farm residences, and even barns to the landscape.
The exhibition features not only preliminary drawings for his landmark text, I Quattro Libri, but also a copy that was owned by influential English architect Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington. The books graphic design, particularly its sequencing of text and illustrations, became a model for subsequent architectural publications; it is still considered a major reference on the proportion, harmony, and beauty of classical architecture.
The drawings and related architectural models in Palladio and His Legacy illustrate the close connection between the architects life story and his practice. Of particular note is Palladios study and interpretation of Roman architecture. He trained as a stonemason in the Italian city of Vicenza, then part of the Republic of Venice. There, he sketched the Roman warehouses of Emperor Trajan at Ostia, which include many design elements that he later incorporated in his Basilica Palladiana in Vicenza (1549). Likewise, his study of the Temple of Minerva at Assisi anticipates his design for the Palazzo Valmarana in Vicenza (1565).
Palladios work not only drew on the Roman Republics architectural principles, but also incorporated a democratic philosophy. Before his time, serious architecture was for the rich and powerful onlychurches, palaces, and public buildings. Palladio believed that architecture had the power to improve peoples livesa power that people the world over experience to this day, particularly in the Palladian haven of America.