This landmark exhibition brings to life one of the greatest civilizations in the history of the world. Ancient EgyptArt and Magic: Treasures from the Fondation Gandur pour lArt/Geneva, on view from December 17, 2011-April 29, 2012, spotlights astonishing objects of every kind. Swiss art collector, philanthropist, and entrepreneur Jean Claude Gandur has developed one of the worlds most important private collections of Egyptian antiquities.
Mummy cases and sacred works in diverse media, tomb and temple reliefs, a vignette of the weighing of the heart from the Book of the Dead, alabaster vessels, and rare objects comprised of precious stones make this one of the most dramatic shows ever presented at the MFA
. The 101 works demonstrate the genius of ancient craftsmen, and the magical or spiritual qualities of the objects are revealed at every turn.
The internationally respected Egyptologist Dr. Robert Steven Bianchi is the guest curator. He introduced the exhibition in a lecture on Sunday, December 18, at 3 p.m. and afterwards signed copies of the exhibition catalogue.
A magnificent red granite torso of Rameses the Great honors one of the most celebrated pharaohs in history. A large stele or stone marker commemorates a cult statue of Rameses III, one of his successors, and its endowment. Other key works include a tomb relief of the nobleman Nefer-Hotep, a relief from the Amarna Period from a temple erected during the reign of the Pharaoh Akhenaten and his wife Nefertiti, and a fragment from a temple relief paying tribute to Alexander the Great.
A limestone sphinx is similarly impressive. The sphinx, with the head of a pharaoh and the body of a lion, points to the profound interrelationship of humans and nature in ancient Egypt. The natural world was not something apart for the Egyptians, and neither were the deities, who could take the form of animals and natural forces such as the sun.
Ancient Egyptian art centers on transformation, renewal, and eternal life. These objects were invested with visual and symbolic power. Hieroglyphics, the ancient Egyptian written language, were, by themselves, a high form of artistic expression.
The mummy cases or sarcophagi are the largest works in the exhibition. One is covered in colorful imageslike a brilliant paintingand was designed to honor the status of an unidentified court official and to assure his eternal life. Another, more than six-and-a-half-feet tall, includes inlays of alabaster, as well as hieroglyphics, and has a monumental presence asserting the authority of a certain Hor-Em-Akhet. This impressive object was in the collection of French fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent at the time of his death.
The Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg is proud to bring these distinguished works of art to America, said MFA Director Kent Lydecker. The quality of the objects will be a revelation to scholars and the public. We are indebted to the Fondation Gandur pour lArt, to Dr. Bianchi, and to our exhibition sponsors for making this extraordinary project possible.
THE MAGIC OF ANCIENT EGYPTIAN ART
Magic and spirituality infused every aspect of Egyptian art. Instead of providing a chronological survey, Dr. Bianchi has emphasized the objects sacred qualities. Priests accompanied the workers to gather natural materials and conducted specific rituals upon entering and leaving the quarries.
According to Dr. Bianchi, for the ancient Egyptians, all stones were considered to be a privileging material, because they symbolized eternity, permanence, immutability, and incorruptibility
Any object created in stone or any text inscribed into stone remained intact and immune to the agents of time. Stone, possessed of a vital energy, was alive. Statues of gods and pharaohs possessed their animating spirit.
In antiquity, expeditions to the Red Landthe desert, a place of chaos, evil, and demonswere ordered by pharaoh. The materials were returned to the Black Landnamed for the rich silt deposited by the Nilewhere the ancient Egyptians lived and thrived.
Craftsmen then converted these raw materials into fascinating and timeless objects representing cosmic order. The Black Land was the world of civilization, and the color black signified rebirth. These objects always had an elevated purpose and meaning, but they can be appreciated for their sheer beauty alone.