HAMBURG.- The exhibition Müde Helden (Exhausted Heroes). Ferdinand Hodler Aleksandr Deyneka Neo Rauch deals with the utopian ideal of the Neue Mensch (new man) and its history in the 20th century. In the oeuvre of the three painters featured in this exhibition, the radical transformation of this ideal can be observed in exemplary fashion. It starts with the proclamation of the new man at the beginning of the 20th century, leads on to the political appropriation of the ideal in the vision of a socialist order, and ultimately draws to a close with the abandonment of all idealism after the end of Communist rule in the East Bloc in the late 1980s.
The art of the Swiss painter Ferdinand Hodler (18531918) is deeply rooted in the ideals of the life reform movement. The discourses of a new man that featured so prominently, and with great pathos, in the Lebensreform movement naturally found their way into his paintings. Despite their monumental appearance, his large-scale renditions of both female and male figures are marked by a measure of decoration and affectation. To the degree that Hodler subdued the heroism of his figures, they are here presented as tired, or exhausted heroes.
Kursk-born painter Aleksandr Deyneka (1899-1969), was a leading representative of postrevolutionary painting in Russia between 1918, the year of Hodlers death, and 1932, when Socialist Realism was proclaimed as the official art of the Soviet Union. In his subject matter, in the painterly modeling of his figures, and in their gestures and posture, Deyneka closely appropriates the model of Hodlers figural compositions and relocates them in a post-revolutionary Russian context a process that has hitherto gone unnoticed. In this way, for instance, Deyneka transforms Hodlers blossoming nature into an industrial landscape under construction. His working women and men appear like a renewal of the Swiss painters symbolist works in proletarian guise.
After the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989, the painter Neo Rauch (*1960), who grew up and was educated in East-Germany, takes up exactly the type of figure developed by Hodler and Dejneka. In conscious reference to the heroes of technology and industry from the Twenties and Thirties, Rauchs figures are frozen in meaningless postures, performing inhibited actions and quixotic rituals in late industrial settings. The utopian vision of a new man is here turned into a complete denial of any faith in progress or ideology of any kind.
In the exhibition Müde Helden the oeuvre of Neo Rauch, the internationally renowned representative of the Leipzig School of painting, is for the first time presented in a historical and an art-historical perspective. Moreover, the exhibition offers a singular opportunity to discover the oeuvre of Aleksandr Deyneka, a painter very highly-esteemed in Russia, who is represented by a large number of important works that have never before been shown in Germany. In thematically ordered references to the large number of works by their modern predecessor, Ferdinand Hodler, the exhibition presents a historical development from the New Man around 1900 to the contemporary figure of a Tired Hero.
The exhibition comprises more than ninety artworks, mostly large-scale paintings.