LOS ANGELES, CA.- The J. Paul Getty Museum
announced today the acquisition of Portrait of Madame Brunet (also known as Young Woman in 1860), painted in 1860-1863, and reworked by 1867a rare, early portrait by the modern French master Édourd Manet (1832-1883).
"We are thrilled to add to our collection this significant and compelling portrait from Manet's decisive early period," said David Bomford, acting director of the Getty Museum in announcing the acquisition. "Opportunities to acquire museum-quality paintings by Manet are few and this brilliant portrait of a mysterious young woman will command instant attention."
The painting will be presented near Manet's renowned work, The Rue Mosnier with Flags, 1878, which has long been on view at the Museum. The two paintings togetherone much later than the otherwill vividly illustrate Manet's range and the development of his technique over time. This new acquisition exemplifies Manet's signature early style, with its strong contrasts of light and dark, sharp silhouetting of forms, and broad, simplified brushwork, all of which contributed to disjunctive effects of flatness that challenged longstanding conventions of pictorial illusionism in the West.
"While The Rue Mosnier with Flags represents Manet's impressionistic, and politically charged, consideration of the modern city, the earlier Portrait of Madame Brunet highlights the artist's intensive engagement with the old masters and his passionate dialogue with Spanish art," said Scott Schaefer, senior curator of Paintings at the Getty Museum. "So different in aspect and handling, the two pictures together dramatically illustrate the poles of Manet's practice."
Portrait of Madame Brunet depicts a young woman who faces the viewer with a placid, affectless gaze. Standing before a generic landscape backdrop, she wears an outdoor costume consisting of fawn leather gloves, a black velvet hat, and a short black coat over a white crinoline dress trimmed with bands of black lacea detail that reflects the influence of the fashionable Spanish-born Empress of France, Eugénie (1826-1920). While the sitter's dress is typical of a bourgeois woman of her time, her pose has been loosely connected to Velazquez's 1632 portrait of the Cardinal Infante Don Fernando of Austria, which Manet knew of through an 18th-century etched copy by Goya. Manet was known to have revered Velazquez and the landscape background may have derived from a portrait of Philip IV of Spain attributed to the Spanish master, which was acquired in 1862 by the Louvre Museum in Paris and subsequently seen there by Manet.
Manet exhibited the painting in 1863 and 1867 with the title "Portrait de Mme. B
," using only an initial for the lady, which was a common practice at the time. An inventory of Manet's studio after his death identifies the "B" as "Brunet," very possibly the wife of Eugène Brunet, a sculptor Manet had known for many years. However there were several people named Brunet in Manet's circle and it cannot be said definitively which Madame Brunet sat for this portrait.
Whoever the sitter was, she refused to accept the painting. Théodore Duret, a French journalist and art critic who championed Impressionism and especially Manet, recounted that Manet told him that Madame Brunet burst into tears when she saw how she was depicted and "left the studio with her husband, never wanting to see the portrait again." Manet retained the portrait for two decades, until his death in 1883. He showed it at least twice, and altered the piece between exhibitions by cutting off the bottom portion of the once full-length portrait to make it a three-quarter length view.
The painting, which is in excellent condition, made its way to the United States from Paris via the noted art collector and philanthropist Joan Whitney Payson, who also owned Vincent van Gogh's Irises, 1889, also now in the Getty's permanent collection. After her death, much of the collection was sold and Portrait of Madame Brunet has remained in private collections until now. The well-published work has been loaned for exhibition to many major museums internationally.
Portrait of Madame Brunet is expected to go on view at the Getty on December 13.